N-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) is a chemical compound with 5-membered lactam structure. It is a clear to slightly yellow liquid miscible with water and solvents like ethyl acetate, chloroform, benzene and lower alcohols or ketones. It also belongs to the class of dipolar aprotic solvents which includes also dimethylformamide, dimethylacetamide and dimethyl sulfoxide. Other names for this compound are: 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone, and m-pyrrole, and pharmasolve. N-Methylpyrrolidone is used to recover pure hydrocarbons while processing petrochemicals (such as the recovery of 1,3-butadiene using NMP as an extractive distillation solvent) and in the desulfurization of gases.


Due to its good solvency properties N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone is used to dissolve a wide range of chemicals, especially in the polymers field. It also used as a solvent for surface treatment of textiles, resins and metal coated plastics or as a paint stripper. In the pharmaceutical industry, N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone is used in the formulation for drugs by both oral and transdermal delivery routes. Furthermore, small amounts of N-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone are contained in various medical devices like self-hardening bone graft substitutes, dental barrier membranes and subcutaneous drug delivery devices.